Electricity and Electronics - TRAINING


Course Description

This course is dedicated for those who are willing to gain knowledge regarding to electrical and electronics circuits.
This course is enriched in both theoretical and practical experiments providing hands-on experience.

Course Objectives

This course aims that participants gain both theoretical and practical experience in building and testing of electronic circuits.
Furthermore, particiapnts will develop their ability in comparing and presenting the results of theoretical, simulation and measurement results.
• Theoretical computation and simulation of electronic circuits.
• Build electronic circuits on the breadboard.
• Measure circuit characteristics using measurement devices.
• Troubleshoot circuits.

Electricity and Electronics - OUTLINES


Introduction

• Direct current .
• Basic physical concepts.
• Atoms .
• Protons, neutrons, and the atomic number .
• Isotopes and atomic weights .
• Electrons .
• Ions .
• Compounds .
• Molecules .
• Conductors .
• Insulators .
• Resistors .
• Semiconductors .
• Current .
• Static electricity .
• Electromotive force .
• Nonelectrical energy .

Magetism and relation to Voltage and Amperes

Electrical units.
• The volt .
• Current flow .
• The ampere .
• Resistance and the ohm .
• Conductance and the siemens .
• Power and the watt .
• Energy and the watt hour .
• Other energy units .
• ac Waves and the hertz .
• Rectification and fluctuating direct current .
• Safety considerations in electrical work .
• Magnetism .
• Magnetic units .

Hands-on measuring

• Measuring devices .
• Electromagnetic deflection .
• Electrostatic deflection .
• Thermal heating .
• Ammeters .
• Voltmeters .
• Ohmmeters .
• Multimeters .
• FET and vacuum-tube voltmeters .
• Wattmeters .
• Watt-hour meters .
• Digital readout meters .
• Frequency counters .
• Other specialized meter types .

Basics of Direct Current

• Basic dc circuits .
• Schematic symbols .
• Schematic diagrams .
• Wiring diagrams .
• Voltage/current/resistance circuit .
• Ohm’s Law .
• Current calculations .
• Voltage calculations .
• Resistance calculations .
• Power calculations .
• Resistances in series .
• Resistances in parallel .
• Division of power .
• Resistances in series-parallel .
• Resistive loads in general .

Laws of Voltage and Techniques

• Direct-current circuit analysis .
• Current through series resistances .
• Voltages across series resistances .
• Voltage across parallel resistances .
• Currents through parallel resistances .
• Power distribution in series circuits .
• Power distribution in parallel circuits .
• Kirchhoff’s first law .
• Kirchhoff’s second law .
• Voltage divider networks .

Luminant Elements

• Resistors .
• Purpose of the resistor .
• The carbon-composition resistor .
• The wirewound resistor .
• Film type resistors .
• Integrated-circuit resistors .
• The potentiometer .
• The decibel .
• The rheostat .
• Resistor values .
• Tolerance .
• Power rating .
• Temperature compensation .
• The color code .

Capacitors and Batteries

Cells and batteries.
• Kinetic and potential energy .
Electrochemical energy.
• Primary and secondary cells .
• The Weston standard cell .
• Storage capacity .
• Common dime-store cells and batteries .
• Miniature cells and batteries .
• Lead-acid cells and batteries .
• Nickel-cadmium cells and batteries .
• Photovoltaic cells and batteries .
• How large a battery? .

Magnetic Flux

• Magnetism .
• The geomagnetic field .
• Magnetic force .
• Electric charge in motion .
• Flux lines .
• Magnetic polarity .
• Dipoles and monopoles .

Electromagnetic Field and Magnetic Storage

• Magnetic field strength .
• Permeability .
• Retentivity .
• Permanent magnets .
• The solenoid .
• The dc motor .
• Magnetic data storage .

Basics of Alternating Current

• Alternating current basics .
• Definition of alternating current .
• Period and frequency .
• The sine wave .
• The square wave .
• Sawtooth waves .
• Complex and irregular waveforms .
• Frequency spectrum .
• Little bits of a cycle .
• Phase difference .
• Amplitude of alternating current .
• Superimposed direct current .
• The ac generator .
• Why ac? .

Inductors and Luminant Elements

Inductance.
• The property of inductance .
• Practical inductors .
• The unit of inductance .
• Inductors in series .
• Inductors in parallel .
• Interaction among inductors .
• Effects of mutual inductance .
• Air-core coils .
• Powdered-iron and ferrite cores .
• Permeability tuning .
• Toroids .
• Pot cores .
• Filter chokes .
• Inductors at audio frequency .
• Transmission-line inductors .
• Unwanted inductances .

capacitance and Luminant Elements

• Capacitance .
• The property of capacitance .
• Practical capacitors .
• The unit of capacitance .
• Capacitors in series .
• Capacitors in parallel .
• Dielectric materials .
• Paper capacitors .
• Mica capacitors .
• Ceramic capacitors .
• Plastic-film capacitors .
• Electrolytic capcitors .
• Tantalum capacitors .
• Semiconductor capacitors .
• Variable capacitors .
• Tolerance .
• Temperature coefficient .
• Interelectrode capacitance .

Phasors

• Phase .
• Instantaneous voltage and current .
• Rate of change .
• Sine waves as circular motion .
• Degrees of phase .
• Radians of phase .
• Phase coincidence .
• Phase opposition .
• Leading phase .
• Lagging phase .
• Vector diagrams of phase relationships .

Reactance and Lag

• Inductive reactance .
• Coils and direct current .
• Coils and alternating current .
• Reactance and frequency .
• Points in the RL plane .
• Vectors in the RL plane .
• Current lags voltage .
• Inductance and resistance .
• How much lag? .

Reactance and Lead

• Capacitive reactance .
• Capacitors and direct current .
• Capacitors and alternating current .
• Reactance and frequency .
• Points in the RC plane .
• Vectors in the RC plane .
• Current leads voltage .
• How much lead? .

Impedances

• Impedance and admittance .
• Imaginary numbers .
• Complex numbers .
• The complex number plane .
• The RX plane .
• Vector representation of impedance .
• Absolute-value impedance .
• Characteristic impedance .
• Conductance .
• Susceptance .
• Admittance .
• The GB plane .
• Vector representation of admittance .
• Why all these different expressions? .

Radio Frequency Circuits

• RLC circuit analysis .
• Complex impedances in series .
• Series RLC circuits .
• Complex admittances in parallel .
• Parallel GLC circuits .
• Converting from admittance to impedance .
• Putting it all together .
• Reducing complicated RLC circuits .
• Ohm’s law for ac circuits .

Power Transmission Lines

• Power transmission .
• Series resonance .
• Parallel resonance .
• Calculating resonant frequency .
• Resonant devices .

Power Electronics

• Power and resonance in ac circuits .
• What is power? .
• True power doesn’t travel .
• Reactance does not consume power .
• True power, VA power and reactive power .
• Power factor .
• Calculation of power factor .
• How much of the power is true? .

Transformers

• Transformers and impedance matching .
• Principle of the transformer .
• Turns ratio .
• Transformer cores .
• Transformer geometry .
• The autotransformer .
• Power transformers .
• Audio-frequency transformers .
• Isolation transformers .
• Impedance-transfer ratio .
• Radio-frequency transformers .
• What about reactance? .

Electronics and Semiconductors

• Basic electronics .
• Introduction to semiconductors .
• The semiconductor revolution .
• Semiconductor materials .
• Doping .
• Majority and minority charge carriers .
• Electron flow .
• Hole flow .
• Behavior of a P-N junction .
• How the junction works .
• Junction capacitance .
• Avalanche effect .

Diodes

• Some uses of diodes .
• Rectification .
• Detection .
• Frequency multiplication .
• Mixing .
• Switching .
• Voltage regulation .
• Amplitude limiting .

Oscillators

• Frequency control .
• Oscillation and amplification .
• Energy emission 3 .
• Photosensitive dodes .

Voltage Regulators

• Power supplies .
• Parts of a power supply .
• The power transformer .
• The diode .
• The half-wave rectifier .
• The full-wave, center-tap rectifier 387 .
• The bridge rectifier .
• The voltage doubler .
• The filter .
• Voltage regulation .
• Surge current .
• Transient suppression .
• Fuses and breakers .
• Personal safety .

Transistor - I

• The bipolar transistor .
• NPN versus PNP .
• NPN biasing .
• PNP biasing .
• Biasing for current amplification .
• Static current amplification .
• Dynamic current amplification .
• Overdrive .
• Gain versus frequency .
• Common-emitter circuit .
• Common-base circuit .
• Common-collector circuit .

Transistors - II

• The field-effect transistor .
• Principle of the JFET .
• N-channel versus P-channel .
• Depletion and pinchoff .
• JFET biasing .
• Voltage amplification .
• Drain current versus drain voltage .
• Transconductance .
• The MOSFET .
• Depletion mode versus enhancement mode .
• Common-source circuit .
• Common-gate circuit .
• Common-drain circuit .
• A note about notation .

Amplifiers

• Amplifiers .
• The decibel .
• Basic bipolar amplifier circuit .
• Basic FET amplifier circuit .
• The class-A amplifier .
• The class-AB amplifier .
• The class-B amplifier .
• The class-C amplifier .
• PA efficiency .
• Drive and overdrive .
• Audio amplification .
• Coupling methods .
• Radio-frequency amplification .

IC Oscillators

• Oscillators .
• Uses of oscillators .
• Positive feedback .
• Concept of the oscillator .
• The Armstrong oscillator .
• The Hartley circuit .
• The Colpitts circuit .
• The Clapp circuit .
• Stability .
• Crystal-controlled oscillators .
• The voltage-controlled oscillator .
• The PLL frequency synthesizer .
• Diode oscillators .
• Audio waveforms .
• Audio oscillators .
• IC oscillators .

Data Transmission

• Data transmission .
• The carrier wave .
• The Morse code .
• Frequency-shift keying .
• Amplitude modulation for voice .
• Single sideband .

Modulation Types

• Frequency and phase modulation .
• Pulse modulation .
• Analog-to-digital conversion .
• Image transmission .
• The electromagnetic field .
• Transmission media .

Electronic Receivers

• Data reception .
• Radio wave propagation .
• Receiver specifications .
• Definition of detection .
• Detection of AM signals .
• Detection of CW signals .
• Detection of FSK signals .
• Detection of SSB signals .
• Detection of FM signals .
• Detection of PM signals .
• Digital-to-analog conversion .
• Digital signal processing .
• The principle of signal mixing .
• The product detector .
• The superheterodyne .
• A modulated-light receiver .

Integrated Circuit Technology and Beyond

• Integrated circuits and data storage media .
• Boxes and cans .
• Advantages of IC technology .
• Limitations of IC technology .
• Linear versus digital .
• Types of linear ICs .
• Bipolar digital ICs .
• MOS digital ICs .
• Component density .
• IC memory .
• Magnetic media .
• Compact disks .

Electronic tubes

• Electron tubes .
• Vacuum versus gas-filled .
• The diode tube .
• The triode .
• Extra grids .
• Some tubes are obsolete .

Power Amplifiers

• Radio-frquency power amplifiers .
• Cathode-ray tubes .
• Video camera tubes .
• Traveling-wave tubes .

Introduction to Digital Communication

• Basic digital principles .
• Numbering systems .
• Logic signals .
• Basic logic operations .
• Symbols for logic gates .
• Complex logic operators .
• Working with truth tables .
• Boolean algebra .
• The flip-flop .
• The counter .
• The register .
• The digital revolution .

Electromagnetic Theory

• Advanced electronics and related technology .
• Acoustics, audio, and high fidelity .
• Loudness and phase .
• Technical considerations .
• Basic components .
• Other components .
• Specialized systems .
• Recorded media .
• Electromagnetic interference .

Wireless Communication

• Wireless and personal communications systems .
• Cellular communications .
• Satellite systems .
• Acoustic transducers .
• Radio-frequency transducers .
• Infrared transducers .
• Wireless local area networks .
• Wireless security systems .
• Hobby radio .
• Noise .

Computer Hardware

• Computers and the Internet .
• The microprocessor and CPU Bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, and gigabytes .
• The hard drive and Other forms of mass storage .
• Random-access memory .
• The display .
• The printer .
• The modem .
• The Internet .

Robots and Beyond

• Robotics and artificial intelligence .
• Asimov’s three laws .
• Robot generations .
• Independent or dependent? .
• Robot arms .
• Robotic hearing and vision .
• Robotic navigation .
• Telepresence .
• The mind of the machine .

Other Unleashed Courses' List

Universal Mobile Telecommunications System UMTS and High Speed Packet Access HSPA
Telecommunication architecture and information Technologies
Multicarrier Technologies for 4G Mobile Communications
Certified Wireless Network Administrator ® (CWNA ®)
Global System for Mobile Communications GSM
General Packet Radio Service GPRS and EDGE
Long Term Evolution LTE and LTE Advanced
Wimax Technologies and Deployment
Wireless Local Area Network WLAN
LTE Implementation EPS System
RF Design and Applications
Wireless Communications
LTE Design in Depth
Bluetooth Appliance
UMTS In-Depth

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